b'Legal Hunting Equipment using vegetation from agricultural crops or natural vegetation as long as it does not result in the exposing, depositing or Legal Shot scattering of grain. HuntersmayhaveonlyU.S.FishandWildlifeService-approved nontoxic shot in their immediate possession whenWhat is the Difference in Field Preparation hunting waterfowl. for Dove Hunting opposed to Waterfowl HuntersmayuseonlynontoxicshotsizeT(.2-inch diameter)andsmallerwhenhuntingwaterfowland coots.Hunting?Other migratory birds may be taken with nontoxic shot sizeAgricultural crops may be manipulated for doves, but not for T and smaller or lead shot size BB (.18-inch diameter) andwaterfowl and coots.smaller. Dove hunting is allowed over lands planted by means of top sowing or aerial seeding, if seeds are present solely Baiting Laws as the result of a normal agricultural planting or a normal agricultural soil stabilization practice.Complete information about baiting is available from: EXAMPLE: A dove hunter may legally hunt over a field of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service:sunflowers that has been mowed but may not hunt waterfowl www.fws.gov/le/huntfish/waterfowl_baiting.htm in the same field.University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service:www.uaex.edu/Other_Areas/publications/PDF/FSA-9082.pdf What About Normal Agricultural Operations?Normalagriculturaloperationsarethosethathavebeen Who Is Responsible? conducted in accordance with official recommendations of Hunters,guidesandlandownersareresponsibleforstate cooperative extension specialists. understandingandobeyingregulationsaboutbaitingandState extension specialists will be relied upon to give knowing the conditions of the area to be hunted. expert advice if questions arise over what are considered normal agricultural operations in that area.EXAMPLE:Questionsaboutnormalandratoonrice What Is a Baited Area? production will be directed to the state extension specialist A baited area is where salt, grain or other feed has beenon rice. placed, exposed, deposited, distributed or scattered in such a way to lure or attract waterfowl or doves to, on or over anyWhat Is Considered Natural Vegetation?areas where hunters are attempting to take them.Migratorygamebirdsmaybehuntedovermanipulated natural vegetation.For How Long? EXAMPLE:Thinningbrushfromovergrown,privately Anareaisconsideredbaitedfor10daysfollowingtheowned wetlands to improve habitat for wintering waterfowl is complete removal of salt, grain or other feed. considered manipulating natural vegetation. What Are the Penalties for Baiting? Is Planted Millet Considered a Crop?Baiting migratory game birds is a criminal offense with finesPlanted millet is treated like an agricultural crop and may not up to $200,000 and a one-year prison term. Hunting over abe manipulated if you intend to hunt waterfowl. Millet that known baited area can result in fines up to $15,000. growsonitsowninsubsequentyears(sometimescalled volunteer)isconsiderednaturalvegetationandmaybe What Is the Liability Standard? manipulated at any time without restriction. Federal rules prohibit the taking of migratory game birds by the aid of baiting or over any baited area, if the person knows or reasonably should know that the area is baited. EXAMPLE: If a hunter hires a guide who has spread corn throughout the hunting area, but the corn is underwater where the hunter cannot detect it and reasonably had no knowledge that the bait was present, the hunter would not be guilty of hunting over bait. Hunters should ask guides or landowners if the area has been baited.Can I Put Up a Blind?Huntersmayconcealablindonprivately-ownedpropertyMillet Photo credit: Flickr/University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources CC BY-NC 2.014 Stuttgart, Arkansas 2020 Official Sportsmans Guide'